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Femto-VINIR: Extremely short laser pulses to the people


Femto-VINIR: Extremely short laser pulses to the peopleThe goal is to develop a cheap, compact, stable and efficient source of sub-20 fs pulses both in the visible and the near-IR (VINIR). This will be achieved by compressing pulses from a high-power fs fiber laser in a quadratic nonlinear crystal, where phase-mismatched (cascaded) second-harmonic generation takes place. Single-cycle pulses can be reached, which have applications in ultra-short pump-probe spectroscopy, micromachining with nanoscale precision, nanosurgery, generating attosecond pulses, and generating broad-band frequency combs.

The project Few-cycle femtosecond optical pulses in the visible and near-infrared (Femto-VINIR) is a collaboration between DTU Fotonik, Cornell University, and Australian National University, and is a Research project under the Danish Research Council for Technology and Production Sciences (grant no. 274-08-0479). The project will run from 2009-2012.

Latest News

Higher-order Kerr effect and harmonic cascading in gases 

A new publication investigates the possible contribution of cascaded harmonic generation to the higher-order Kerr nonlinearities recently observed in gases. This contribution adds to a particularly heated debate at the moment about whether the higher-order Kerr effect plays a role in filamentation dynamics in gas cells. 

Few-cycle mid-IR pulses generated with cascaded nonlinearities 

At the Ultafast Phenomena conference in Lausanne, Switzerland, we presented the contribution Generating Few-cycle Energetic Mid-IR Pulses with Soliton Compression by Cascaded Quadratic Nonlinearities  

Cascaded compression reveals a new paradigm of ultrafast cascaded nonlinearities

A new method for compressing laser pulses overcomes power constraints that hamper current compressor technology. The method suggests a paradigm shift in ultrafast cascaded nonlinearities as for the first time octave-spanning bandwidth is achieved using the largest nonlinear components of conventional frequency conversion crystals. The utility of this process was confirmed experimentally by compressing energetic (sub-mJ) near-IR femtosecond pulses to four periods in the time domain. This happened in a just 1 mm long nonlinear crystal. The results were recently published in PRL. 

Efficient generation of few-cycle mid-infrared pulses   

We show that energetic mid-IR few-cycle pulses can be generated when solitons shed optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation. The results were presented at NLO 2011, and has been published for the special issue in OE. This celebrates 50 years of nonlinear optics.

New project targets generation of mid-IR ultrashort laserpulses


Experimental proof of ultrafast noncritical SHG

Our recent experimental efforts have demonstrated sub-20 fs near-infrared pulses can be generated through soliton compression of energetic femtosecond pulses. The compression relies on noncritical cascaded type-0 second-harmonic generation in a just 1 mm long lithium niobate crystal. This has recently been submitted, see more information under Publications.

New PhD student started

In July 2011 Hairun Guo from China started a 3-year PhD in our group titled Cascaded quadratic soliton compression in waveguide structures.
 

Marie Curie fellow Xianglong Zeng started

In May 2011 Dr. Xianglong Zeng from Shanghai University started his Marie Curie IIF, COPULCO: Cascaded Optical Pulse Compressor. He will stay 2 years at DTU Fotonik.

Optical Cherenkov waves in cascaded SHG: new PRA

We have published a paper in the December 2010 issue of PRA, where soliton-induced optical Cherenkov waves (aka. dispersive waves) are investigated in cascaded second-harmonic generation (SHG). The Cherenkov waves are found at longer wavelengths than the soliton due to the unique properties of cascaded SHG, and the resonance condition for a range of nonlinear crystals is shown.

New paper published in Physical Review A

In the May 2010 issue we investigate the potential of using lithium niobate as nonlinear crystal for generating cascaded femtosecond solitons and achieving soliton compression of pulses from commercial femtosecond fiber laser amplifiers. The results are an important step towards realizing sub-100 fs pulses from fiber laser amplifiers. 

New laboratory inaugurated

In April 2010 our new amazing lab was finally inaugurated. The Danish Minister of Economy Brian Mikkelsen made a speech and "cut" the stream-of-photons ribbon. Read more here

PhD project

We seek excellent candidates for a PhD position within the Femto-VINIR project. See more information here

2010 CLEO/QELS conference contribution

In the CLEO/QELS 2010 conference in San Jose we will present an oral contribution. Its title is Generating energetic few-cycle pulses at 800 nm using soliton compression with type 0 cascaded quadratic interaction in lithium niobate. See more information under Publications

Marie Curie proposal accepted 

A Marie Curie proposal has been accepted with Dr. Xianglong Zeng as fellow and Dr. Morten Bache as scientist in charge. The project will start later in 2010, and will focus on compression experiments with quasi-phase matched quadratic nonlinear crystals. Another Marie Curie is on the waiting list. Read more here.

New postdoc Binbin Zhou started  

1 August 2009 the first new person on the Femto-VINIR project started. Binbin Zhou is now a postdoctoral associate, and will work on pulse compression experiments in our new lab. Read more here.

2009 CLEO Europe/EQEC conference contribution

In the CLEO Europe 2009 conference in Munich we presented an oral contribution. Its title was Dispersive waves in fs cascaded second-harmonic generation. See more information under Publications.

New paper published

In the newest volume of Journal of the Optical Society of America B, the potential compression performance of polymer microstructured optical fibers with quadratic nonlinear response is investigated. It was found that fine-tuning the dispersion profile using the microstructure of the optical fiber has less impact on the potential compression performance than the sheer size of the quadratic nonlinear response of the polymer. This result will have strong impact on other soliton systems based on cascaded quadratic nonlinearities (bulk crystals and waveguides). Click here to access the paper.

DFF Young Elite Researchers Award 2009 given to Morten Bache

Morten Bache has received the prestigious DFF “Young Elite Researchers Award” 2009. Read more here.